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How to Groom Your Cat: A Complete Guide

A light brown cat with white patches and black strips being groomed by a brush under its chin. The person grooming the cat with a blue grooming brush is also holding the cat's face.


You’ve probably noticed that your cat spends the better part of their day grooming themselves. The constant licking, primping, and nibbling is for a good reason – they are trying to rid themselves of tangles, snarls, and filth so that they look their best at all times.

While your cat may be a professional at grooming, they sometimes need a little help. That’s where you come in, along with some handy tools, of course. No idea where to start? Let us help you.

How to Groom Your Cat

Cats possess the ultimate all-in-one grooming tool- their tongue. We’re not going to ask you to whip out yours to get this process started. Instead, let’s look at how you can groom your cat go over some of the tools that might help you along your way.


1.  BrushingA tan and white cat on its back lying on the floor, with someone holding its legs with one hand and brushing it with the other hand.

Let’s start with the grooming activity that you’ll spend the most time on and will do most frequently – brushing. Depending on your cat’s hair length and shedding style, you may need to do a thorough brushing every day. Brushing is that important.

Brushing your cat’s hair helps remove dirt and dander, untangle snarls to prevent mats, and distributes natural skin oils to give their coat a healthy shine. It also allows you to collect some shed hair that would otherwise wind up on your couch, carpet, and clothes. For your cat, brushing is like a massage that stimulates blood flow to the skin and further deepens that human-animal bond.

For short-haired cats, once a week brushing will usually suffice, especially if they’re doing a good job of grooming themselves. Long-haired or thick-coated cats, like Persians and Himalayans, may benefit from more frequent brushing. Your cat’s brushing schedule will depend a lot on their hair coat type and their temperament.


Brushing Short-Haired Cats

  1. Use a metal comb or rake. Start at the head and gently brush or comb your way down the neck and back.
  2. Continue down the sides, ending with the chest and belly, brushing in the direction of your cat’s hair growth. This will help remove tangles and large pieces of debris.
  3. You can then follow the same pattern using a bristle or rubber brush to remove smaller debris and loose hairs.
  4. Brush their legs and tail last, since most kitties aren’t huge fans of these areas being brushed.

For heavy shedders, nothing works better than a Furminator. This tool has a fine comb with very closely spaced teeth that grab onto that loose hair and gently pull it away and hold it so that you can dispose of it in the trash later on.


Brushing Long-Haired Cats

  1. Start with a metal comb or rake and comb the tangles out, starting at the abdomen and combing the hair upwards towards their head. This will help ensure that you get tangles out of the undercoat.
  2. Comb their legs and tail by making a part down the middle and combing through each side.
  3. Follow up with a bristle or slicker brush in the same pattern to get smaller debris and snarls and to spread those skin oils.

Furminator makes a long-haired version as well to help decrease shed hair around your home.

Take your time and make brushing a fun and pleasant experience. Detangle their hair gently, being careful not to pull at their hair. Also, don’t try to rush and go faster than your cat is comfortable with. While you brush, be sure to look at your cat’s skin for any irritation, discoloration, or pests. This also gives you a chance to look for new lumps or bumps that might need veterinary attention.


2.  BathingA grey, light brown cat with black stripes in a bathtub being given a bath. Someone is washing the cat's belly with one hand, and the other is holding a shower with running water that is going on the cat's back.

The majority of kitties are only going to need a bath every couple of months as they get extra greasy or any time they get something sticky or overly dirty on their fur. If this is your first time bathing your cat, it never hurts to have an extra pair (or two!) of hands to help out.

  1. Brush your cat first to remove excess debris and hair. This will make the bathing process a whole lot easier.
  2. Gather your supplies. You’ll want to have everything within arm’s reach once you get the water going, so have your shampoo and a towel ready. If using a bathtub, a bathmat works well to provide traction.
  3. Fill the tub or sink with 3-4 inches of warm water. Gently place your kitty inside. Using a spray hose or cup, wet your cat down while trying to avoid spraying them directly in the face.
  4. Massage a gentle shampoo into the hair. Human shampoo can be too drying, so stick with a pet labeled product for the best results. Shampoo from head to tail, avoiding the face and ears as best you can. Work the shampoo down to the skin.
  5. Thoroughly rinse the shampoo from your cat’s hair using the spray hose or cup. Make sure you have every last bubble gone, or else it can severely dry your cat’s skin out.
  6. Use a washcloth to wipe the face and ears.
  7. Dry with a towel.

Bathing can be extremely stressful to a cat, so be sure to take it slow and only do what they will tolerate. Having another person help you hold the cat will allow for better control and ensure that everyone stays safe.


3.  Nail TrimmingA close-up of someone pushing on a cat's paw to expose its claw nail. The cat's face can be seen in the background.

Even though a cat’s toenails are retractable and you rarely see them, they can still get too long. Trimming your cat’s nails can prevent pain or problems caused by nails that are too long. It can also keep you safe by blunting the ends should you get caught by an errant nail.

Depending on your kitty, you may need to trim nails once a month, while others might only need it a couple of times a year.


You’ll Know It’s Time to Trim Your Cat’s Nails If:

  • They start getting their claws hooked in blankets or the carpet.
  • You hear that tell-tale click as they walk across a hard floor.

Older cats may need more frequent trimmings.

This is another project where having another person will help, but it isn’t always necessary.


How to Trim Your Cats Nails

Only attempt a nail trim when your kitty is at their calmest. Times that might work well are when your cat just wakes up from a nap or right after dinner. Let them warm up to the idea by first playing with their feet.

  1. With a firm grip on your kitty’s paw, extend the nail by pushing on the toe pad.
  2. Make a note of where the quick is so that you can avoid cutting the nail too short. The quick is the nail’s blood supply and will appear as a pink triangle that protrudes into the clear nail.
  3. Using a comfortable and easy to use pair of nail trimmers, trim off as much of the clear nail as you can without cutting the quick. Do as much as you’re comfortable with. For some, that might mean only taking the sharp tip off, and that’s okay. Whatever you can trim will make a difference.
  4. Continue through with the rest of the toes, rewarding your kitty when you finish. Repeat the process with the remaining paws.

*Note:  Not every cat appreciates their feet being handled. If this sounds familiar, you’ll want to start by working with their feet before introducing the nail trimmers. While brushing, petting, or playing, be sure to touch their feet. You can even gently hold onto them so that they get used to the idea. Make sure your cat is comfortable with this before you try to trim toenails.


Grooming Your Cat’s Ears, Eyes, Teeth, & Anal Glands

Grooming your cat doesn’t end there. You’ll want to clean their ears, eyes, and even teeth periodically.


1.  EarsA woman putting cleaning drops in a white and light brown cat's ears. The cat is resting on the woman's lap.

Cats get ear infections, ear mites, and hair in their ears. All of these can lead to scratching, head shaking, and general discomfort. Cleaning their ears can help prevent these issues and also give you a chance to notice other problems. Cleaning ears can be done as part of a bath, or anytime you have notice discharge, odor, scratching, or head shaking.

  1. To clean your kitty’s ears, use a gentle cleanser, such as Epi Otic.
  2. Pour the cleaner into the ear until it fills the ear canal. Watch out for head shaking as you do this; kitties tend not to like their ears filled with fluid.
  3. Then massage the base of the ear to loosen debris and hair.
  4. Using a paper towel over your finger, gentle dry out the ear as well as you can. Cotton swabs usually aren’t necessary and can cause some damage if you’re not careful.
  5. Repeat for both ears.

If your cat has a lot of dark-colored discharge or is extremely itchy, see your veterinarian as they may have an infection or ear mite infestation brewing.


2.  EyesClose-up side profile image of a grey cat with black stripes. Its green and black eye stands out.

Your kitty’s eyes aren’t going to take a lot of cleaning, usually. However, some cats have a touch of allergies or even an illness that may cause occasional discharge. If that’s the case, wiping them with a wet, warm washcloth will typically take care of it.


3.  TeethA close up of a grey, light brown cat with black stripes having its teeth exposed by someone pushing its top lip up. A white toothbrush can be seen in frame, ready to brush the cat's teeth.

Believe it or not, there are vets out there that will tell you to brush your cat’s teeth. And, believe it or not, some cats will let you! If your cat is one of these, great, do it! Using a tiny toothbrush or a finger brush, apply a good flavored toothpaste, and brush those teeth at least once a week.

While brushing their teeth is the best way to avoid dental disease and loose teeth in your cat, it’s not always possible. What you can do instead is provide hard kibble or treats to clean those teeth mechanically. But above all, monitor your feline friend’s smile for bad breath, dirty teeth, or red gums. Then see your vet for a dental cleaning as needed. A quick lift of the lip during brushings or baths is all that it takes to check.


4.  Anal GlandsTo the left, a black kitten, and to the right, a white kitten. Both are facing away from the camera, with their anus clearly seen.

Most cat parents will want to leave this to a professional, but it’s worth mentioning. While anal gland issues are more commonly a dog problem, they can become impacted in kitties. Signs of an impaction include excessively licking their hind end, difficulty defecating, and a strong odor. Cats don’t often scoot the way that dogs do; it’s too indecent for their tastes. Having your vet manually express those anal glands will clear this issue up right away.

When grooming your cat, fun should be had by all. Don’t look at it as a chore and make sure your cat doesn’t view it as a punishment. Grooming keeps your cat’s hair coat clean, healthy, and shiny. It also gives the two of you a chance to bond and is the perfect time to check for abnormalities that could be detrimental.



All About Ragdoll Cats

A cute Ragdoll kitten in a black bucket with a blanket inside. The kitten is on its back with its legs up in the air.

Quick facts

  • Lifespan: 12-17 years
  • Size (Adult): 17-21 inches, 10-20 pounds
  • Personality: Affectionate, quiet, cuddly 
  • Shedding: Moderate
  • Pet Friendly: They tend to accept other pets well
  • Vocal: Usually pretty quiet
  • Indoor/Outdoor: Indoor is best
  • Intelligence: Moderate to high intelligence, quick learners


If you love the attributes of a dog but think of yourself as a “cat person,” the Ragdoll is for you. These kitties are affectionate, loyal, and playful yet will melt in your arms, giving them their Ragdoll name. They also tend to be on the bigger side and have a silky soft hair coat that does require some attention.


A cute Ragdoll kitten lying down on a blue blanket. There are two balls of blue yard on both sides of the kitten.

The Ragdoll is a breed developed in California during the 1960s. The foundation female, known as Josephine, was a white, longhaired kitty with some colorful genes in her background. The breed developer, Ann Baker, selected kittens for their laid-back personality and Himalayan-type coloring. The result was a calm and affectionate cat with long, soft hair with colored “points” similar to those of a Siamese.

Baker named them Ragdolls because they tend to flop in your arms when held, completely at ease in human company. In a later development, Persians and Burmese, among other cat breeds, are thought to contribute to the overall makeup. 

Ragdolls were officially recognized as a breed by the Cat Fancier’s Association in 1993, with full recognition in 2000. They are now a very popular breed among pet owners.


Ragdolls are on the larger end of the cat spectrum, with males getting up to 20 pounds or more and females coming in at 10-15 pounds. They can be 17-21 inches tall at the shoulder, with females being smaller than males.

This is a slow maturing breed. Most adults don’t reach their mature size and weight until around four years old. Full coloring typically happens around two years of age. They also have a fat pad that is characteristic of the breed, not an indication of overfeeding. Since they are so late to mature, proper nutrition is important throughout their growth phase.


An adult Ragdoll cat lying down on its stomach. Someone’s hand can be seen holding a wooden stick with a small bell and feather at one end tied to it with string. The person is showing the cat the feather to play with it.

Even though a Ragdoll’s coloring and haircoat are striking, it’s perhaps their personality that draws most people to this breed. Ragdolls are knowns for their propensity to sink into their family’s arms and cuddle at any given opportunity. They love to be around people and often greet you at the door and follow you around the house.

But don’t be fooled by their docile nature; Ragdolls also like to play, especially interactively. Many Ragdolls adore toys or other games with their family. This breed is also quick to learn and can pick up many different tricks. They can even be trained to walk on a leash and retrieve a ball.

A Ragdoll’s laid-back personality makes them a great family pet, even with children and other animals. They are well mannered enough to tolerate games of dress-up and cuddling with kids and even dogs.

They are quiet and will generally only use their soft voice when politely asking for food.

Lifespan and Health

The lifespan of a Ragdoll averages around 12-17 years, especially if kept as indoor pets. 

Being a purebred animal, they are more likely to develop certain health conditions such as:

  1. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM): Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most common heart condition found in cats. This condition causes the walls of the heart to thicken, decreasing the efficiency of pumping blood. In Ragdolls, it is often the result of a genetic mutation that now has a test to identify it in breeding animals.
  2. Bladder stones: Ragdolls carry an increased risk of developing calcium oxalate stones in their urinary bladder. These stones can lead to recurrent urinary tract infections and discomfort. Diet changes and increased water consumption can sometimes help prevent them.


A Ragdoll cat lying down right in front of the camera. It’s fur looks fluffy and its blue eyes are clearly seen.

The laid-back personality of a Ragdoll doesn’t mean that they are also low maintenance. You may spend quite a bit of time loving on them and grooming their long hair coat. Ragdolls have a fairly thin undercoat, which means that it won’t mat, tangle or shed as much as thicker-haired breeds, but it still requires daily or weekly brushing. 

Bath your Ragdoll anytime their hair becomes greasy or tangled, and pay special attention to their under-the-tail area as it can become encrusted with feces.

Exercise is a must for these kitties. They like to play and climb, especially to heights that are more eye level with you. Provide them with interactive toys when you’re away. Don’t be afraid to teach a Ragdoll some tricks, like fetch, or teach them to walk on a leash so that they can accompany you on your evening stroll.

Since this breed is one of the slower-growing among cats, they need to be fed a high quality, high protein food and lots of it until they have reached their mature size. Once they achieve maturity around four years of age, you’ll need to adjust their meal size to maintain a healthy weight. A veterinarian should serve as a nutritional advisor to help you determine the best food and amount to give your pet. 

Daily tooth brushing will help prevent dental disease and keep your feline friend’s breath fresh. This is especially important since a Ragdoll will want to spend most of their time on your lap or in your bed. You may also want to wipe their eyes daily with a damp cloth and check their ears weekly for signs of infection.

The last bit of advice for caring for Ragdolls is not to let them become pushovers. It may be easy for young children or other pets to manhandle or mistreat them with their docile personality. Always supervise interactions between kids or pets if you’re unsure how both sides will react.


The price of a Ragdoll is going to vary based on quality. Most pets are sold for around $200-400, while show quality individuals can reach as high as $2,000. 

If you’re in the market for a Ragdoll cat, be sure to use a reputable breeder. Don’t trust any breeder that says their animals are “disease-free.” There’s no such thing. Instead, look for breeders who have done pre-breeding screenings on their cats to reduce the chances of them having conditions like hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. 

Purchasing a kitten isn’t the only way to get your arms around a Ragdoll. Check your local animal shelters and rescues for abandoned and surrendered kitties. Or search Petfinder for Ragdolls in need of a new home. 

How to Tell if Your Cats are Bonded: A Guide to Bonding cats

A close up of a gray cat and a gray-ish cat with black stripes sleeping with their heads against each other.

Cats have unique and independent personalities, leading to a popular misconception that they prefer to be alone. However, for some cats, it can be quite the opposite. They love to be social and have the company of other feline friends. With such a contrary attitude towards companionship, it can be hard to tell if and when cats are bonded. This guide will help you recognize when your cats have truly bonded.  

How to Tell if Your Cats are Bonded

It’s true that some cats prefer to be solitary, but many felids live in groups. Picture a pride of lions or a colony of feral cats. They do this to share the load of hunting and provide each other with protection. While your housecats don’t require help in either of those areas, living closely with other cats does have its benefits. How can you tell if multiple cats have accepted each other and actually bonded? Look for any of these signs:

  • Collective Grooming: What’s better than having a friend that can groom those hard-to-reach places? Cats that have bonded will spend inordinate amounts of time grooming themselves and each other. You may find them curled up cleaning each other’s ears or nibbling the itches on each other’s backs.
  • Sleeping Peacefully: Cats that aren’t bonded won’t dare sleep near each other. Bonded cats will often curl up together to share warmth and comfort, whether in the same bed or sharing a sunbeam. This shows that they have put complete trust in their furry counterpart.
  • Playful Pairing: Friendly kitties will PLAY together. While play and fighting can often look alike, you’ll be able to tell the difference by your cats’ body language. Cats that are playing are at ease; they may be rough and tumble, but each cat is enjoying it. Cats that are fighting will be tense, flatten their ears, and aggressively twitch their tail. There is often an aggressor initiating it instead of both cats being equally involved.
  • Tail Touching: Think of it like holding hands. Bonded cats may touch or even intertwine their tails when sitting or standing next to each other.
  • Spread Their Scent: All cats have scent glands in their cheeks, paws, and other areas of their body. They will rub these parts on things they consider theirs. If your cats are rubbing their cheeks on each other, it’s like giving their stamp of approval. This goes for people as well; a cheek rub is a sure sign that your cat likes you.

You won’t find bonded cats chasing each other away from their resources. They also won’t take playtime too far to the point that they are hissing or growling at each other. Bonded cats also won’t ignore each other. This doesn’t mean that there won’t be the occasional snag between friendly kitties, just that the majority of the time, there is peace and happiness.

How to Introduce Cats to Each Other

A gray cat and an orange cat are standing next to each other and appear to be kissing.

Not just any pair or group of cats are going to bond. Sometimes it will take a lot of effort to forge a friendship. With this in mind, be sure not to force anything between your cats and follow these tips:

Bonding Kittens

If you’re dealing with kittens, chances are your work is already done for you. Most kittens will take to each other very quickly, especially if they’re from the same litter. 

Bonding An Adult Cat to a Kitten

Now, if you have an older cat and are trying to give them a younger friend, you may have more trouble. Depending on your older cat’s personality, you may have to try some different methods. 

Some older cats will take a kitten under their wing like an older sibling accepting a younger protégé. Others will be offended that you’re trying to replace them. If that’s the case, you may have to give the older cat some space. 

Kittens are rambunctious and will try to get the other cat to play. Make sure your older cat has a safe place where only they can go should they feel the need to escape. Only allow supervised interactions until you’re sure they can get along and separate them if either gets too grumpy.

Bonding Adult Cats 

When introducing two adult cats, you’ll want to start slowly, especially if you have a cat that’s been with you a while and is used to being solitary.

  1. Start by keeping them in separate rooms. They should hear and smell each other but not see or touch. Reward each kitty every time they smell around without getting upset. Give this a few days and if everyone is comfortable, move on.
  2. From here, allow them to see each other but not get to each other. You can do this with baby gates or a screen door. Supervise their interactions and reward good behaviors. If one or both cats get upset, separate them and try again later. Continue until everyone is comfortable.
  3. Remove all barriers and let the cats touch each other. Only do this if you can supervise. Give rewards when your cats are friendly, and be sure to separate them if they get angry. Be very careful when dealing with an agitated cat. They may lash out at you instead if you try to move them. Also, if your cats start to fight, don’t grab for them. Instead, use a gate, piece of cardboard, or another sturdy divider to put in between them, so you don’t get scratched or bitten.

Even though some cats are very accepting, and you may not need to go through all of these steps, it’s better to be safe than sorry. If you have a particularly friendly cat and are introducing another friendly cat, you may start at the step where they can see each other and gauge their reactions. If they don’t go for it, you can always move back a step and try again.

Some cats may never bond, and that’s okay. Just be sure to give them both their own safe spaces, food, water, and even litter boxes. Many cats may choose to coexist by ignoring each other rather than bonding.

Final Thoughts

Cat parents of multi-cat households always dream of friendship and harmony between their feline friends. Hopefully, after reading this, you will be able to determine if your feline friends are friends themselves and what you can do to set up successful introductions.

Should I Let My Cat Lick Me? Will Anything Bad Happen?

A white cat with tan-ish patches and black stripes is licking someone’s hand with the background blurred out..

Your feline friend may lick you for a number of reasons, but it may be best not to give them free rein. Cats have many seemingly bizarre behaviors, including chasing imaginary prey and following you to the bathroom, but licking you tops it all. Let’s look into why cats lick people in the first place and why you may want to put a limit on it.

Why Do Cats Lick People?

A cat’s tongue is truly a universal tool. It is covered with tiny barbs that grab onto loose hair and debris in their haircoat. Tongues allow cats to taste and drink. It also works to glean every tasty morsel from their food bowl. With such a useful body part as this, it’s no wonder that cats love to lick so much, but why do they like to lick you?

Here Are Some of the Reasons Why:

  • They’re Cleaning You: Cats are fastidious animals. They spend most of their waking hours grooming themselves into pristine condition. Cats love to groom so much that they will also groom their fellow furry friends. This can sometimes be extended to you. Whether or not they think you’re dirty, them licking you may be their way of cleaning you and making you feel part of their clan.
  • They Want Attention: Nothing says pet me like a rough, sandpaper lick on the hand. When meowing and rubbing against your leg doesn’t get your attention, licking or even biting might. Your cat may be trying to get your attention for something as simple as an early dinner or something more serious like an illness.
  • They’re Feeling Stressed: The act of licking releases endorphins in a cat’s brain. That’s partly why a mother cat seems so content when she’s cleaning up her babies. Licking you may be a way for your cat to calm their nerves if they’re stressed about something in their environment.
  • They’re Showing You Affection: Similar to how you show your cat love by petting them, licking you may be their way of reciprocating that love. Again, groups of cats, including mothers and their kittens, lick each other as a form of bonding. When your cat licks you, it may be their way of saying, “Welcome home, I missed you.”
  • They Like the Taste: We’ve all heard the saying “Curiosity killed the cat,” which came about because cats are so investigatory of their surroundings. They can’t keep their noses or tongues out of things. Licking you may be another way to explore the world around them. They can taste where you’ve been and what you’ve done that day. They may also just like the salty taste.

Should I Let My Cat Lick Me?

Close up of a brown can with light gray patches closing its eyes and licking someone’s finger.

Most of the time, your cat’s licks are pretty harmless, especially if just a lick or tow here and there. However, your cat licking you isn’t without a couple of potential risks.

First of all, a cat’s obsessive licking can lead to actual wounds on your skin.

That’s because their rough tongue can damage your skin like sandpaper if they lick the same area enough times. Now, it’s unlikely that your cat means to hurt you, but it is a potential side effect.

Another reason you might want to limit your cat’s licking is that it can spread bacteria.

Even though a cat works very hard at maintaining a clean and put-together appearance, the inside of their mouth is quite dirty. Cat mouths harbor quite a lot of bacteria, and while a cat bite is usually the cause of most problems, licking an open wound or near your mouth or eyes can cause an infection. We’ve all witnessed the amazing acrobatics that a cat goes through to clean themselves after using the litter box, and nobody should want a lick after that.

How Can I Stop a Cat From Licking Me?

If you’ve decided to try to curb your cat’s licking behavior, be careful how you go about it. First of all, many of the reasons why your cat licks you are done with affection and showing you that you’re part of their circle. You don’t want to offend them or make them associate you with any negative behavior.

Rather than punishment or spreading yucky tasting products on your skin, try to redirect your cat’s behavior when the licking gets to be too much. You may try to play with them or pet them instead of allowing them to lick you. If your cat licks you while you’re snuggling, try moving your face or hand away from them and offer them a clothed body part instead.

If redirecting doesn’t work, just get out of there. If you leave every time your cat starts their licking game, sooner or later, they’ll get the idea that licking equals you leaving. They will hopefully decide to cut out the licking so that you’ll stick around.

If you can’t get your cat’s licking under control or if they’re starting to lick other things besides just you, see your veterinarian. Your cat may be trying to tell you something about their health, and your veterinarian will be able to rule out medical causes of excessive licking.

Final Thoughts

Your cat may lick you for a number of reasons. Most of the time, they see it as a way of conveying their positive feelings towards you. However, your cat’s licking may cause you some problems, especially if they’re doing it excessively. If your cat’s licking has gotten out of control, try some of the above tips or speak to your veterinarian.

The 5 Best Cat Doors For Your Home

A black cat with white paws is seen coming out of a small cat door installed in a white door.

Most kitties relish their freedom and independence. For some, that means having easy access to the outside world. For others, that means access to their litter box and food bowl. If you have a cat that likes to come and go but would rather not spend your day opening and closing doors for them, installing a cat door may be a worthwhile investment. Cat doors can provide your kitty access to the outside or allow you to hide their litter box behind a closed door. So, if you’re tired of coming to your cat’s beckoned call, these cat doors can help you out.

1. Best Overall Choice: PetSafe Freedom Aluminum Cat Door

PetSafe Freedom Aluminum Dog Door or Cat Door
Durable construction with a solid aluminum frame.
Easy, do-it-yourself installation.
Slide-in closing panel to control the your pet's access into or out of your home.

For a high-quality and durable cat door, the PetSafe Freedom is a great choice. It is made of solid aluminum that will stand up to normal wear and tear as well as some rough handling from your feline friends. The flexible yet heavy-duty vinyl flap is easy for your kitty to move when they want to come in or go out, and it closes tight with a magnetic strip to keep cold drafts and moisture out.

The PetSafe cat door also features a slide-in panel when you want to control when your cat can enter or exit, as well as to keep unwanted visitors at bay. The PetSafe Freedom easily installs in any wood, metal, or PVC interior or exterior door. It also comes in four different sizes should you need to accommodate dogs along with cats.

Depending on where you purchase this PetSafe Freedom cat door from may cause some issues with hardware. Some kits have shown up incomplete or lacking the needed screws to install. So be sure to take an inventory of all parts when you first set it up.


  • Durable frame
  • Heavy-duty flap helps weatherproof it
  • Slide-in panel to lock


  • Sometimes kits are missing hardware
  • Magnetic flap doesn’t always close tight

2. Best for Exterior Doors: Perfect Pet All Weather Energy Efficient Cat Door

Perfect Pet All-Weather Energy Efficient Door
Innovative Double Vinyl Flap design creates energy efficient air pocket for maximum insulation.
Lock Out slide to keep pets in or out.
Adjustable frame telescopes ¾-inch to 1 ¾-inch thickness.

If you’re looking for a cat door to handle some extreme weather, the Perfect Pet All Weather Energy Efficient cat door is a great choice. This cat door is made from foam molded plastic that is durable while it insulates.

It also has two vinyl flaps that help to keep the drafts and water out while creating an insulating air pocket. This makes it easy for your cat to go in and out but keeps the cold, hot, or wet weather outdoors.
Along with the Perfect Pet cat door’s weatherproofing, it also features a slide-in panel when you want to close it. This panel can go inside, outside, or both depending on how sturdy you want your lock to be. When put on the inside, it clicks into place so it can’t be opened from the outside.

This cat door is versatile enough to fit all exterior doors and wall kits to accommodate wider doors, or walls can be purchased separately. There are also four different sizes should your cat need to share this door with a canine companion.

In extremely cold climates, ice can build up on this door, making it so that it doesn’t seal. Also, strong gusts of wind can lift the flaps. However, this is more than likely true of any cat door. Just be sure to carefully install it so that it’s level to prevent the flaps from hanging crooked.


  • Dual flaps to seal out weather
  • Slide-in panel to lock
  • Accommodates all doors with optional wall kit


  • Can build up with ice so that the flaps don’t seal
  • Doesn’t completely block wind

3. Best for Interior Doors: The Kitty Pass Interior Cat Door

Kitty Pass Interior Cat Door Hidden Litter Box Pet Door
Smooth, Wide opening allows your cat to pass through SAFELY, without tails getting snagged or caught up.
Easily fits all standard (hollow and solid) interior doors with sizes, 1 1/4

If you’re looking to hide a litter box or just want to provide your cat with their own safe space behind a closed door, The Kitty Pass Interior Cat Door is the way to do it. This cat door fits on both solid and hollow interior doors, allowing your cat to easily sneak in without the whole world knowing when they’re doing their business.

When you’re looking to hide a litter box, the last thing you want is a flashy cat door. The Kitty Pass is paintable to blend in with the background, and it comes with cute little ears on one side and a tail on the other for some subtle humor. There are no unsightly screws, and it can handle a cat up to 21 pounds.

While this cat door does come with an installation template to cut the hole in the door, it’s still important to measure carefully to be sure it fits. The template may be too large for some of the doors. Since the size of the hole determines how well the door fits together, cutting a hole that is too large may cause the door to come apart. Measure carefully before cutting.


  • Cute and inconspicuous
  • Fits hollow and solid doors
  • For use in cats up to 21 pounds


  • Installation template may be too big
  • Door will not stay together if the hole is cut too big

4. Best for Sliding Doors: PetSafe One Piece Sliding Glass Door

PetSafe 1-Piece Sliding Glass Door for Dogs and Cats
Installs easily in 1 piece without having to cut the door.
Patio panel is available in 2 adjustable heights to fit in your existing sliding door track; adjustable up to 80 11/16 in or 96 in.
Built to withstand heavy use, the door has an aluminum frame and tempered glass.

For sliding glass doors, PetSafe makes this durable insert to quickly and non-permanently accommodate your cat’s outdoor desires. Made from aluminum and tempered glass, this cat door will hold up to repeated use while still allowing full function of your sliding door. It also has a latch on the side so that you can still secure your sliding door.

This panel slides into the track of any sliding door using heavy-duty springs to hold it in place. That means no cutting or drilling is required, and it easily comes out should you need it to. This panel is also adjustable to fit all sliding door frames and comes in different flap sizes for a comfortable fit for your cat and all of their furry friends.

When purchasing this product, you might want to also invest in some weatherstripping to help seal both the panel and the sliding door. Since this panel prevents the sliding door from closing normally, some airflow may be going through it.


  • Fits easily into all sliding door frames
  • Allows full function of sliding door
  • Different sizes accommodate all pets


  • May cause some air to pass through
  • More expensive

5. Best Budget Option: CEESC Magnetic Pet Door with 4-Way Lock

CEESC Cat Doors, Magnetic Pet Door with 4 - Way Rotary Lock for Cats
Convenient knob-style switch, you could easily control your cat or other cats in or out options: in only, out only, in and out freely, totally locked.
Easy to install with step-by-step installation instructions.
It fits to being installed to interior doors, exterior doors, walls, windows, cupboards, glass, etc.

Here’s a cat door that can be installed in exterior or interior doors and walls. It has a weatherstrip brush to help reduce noise and prevent moisture and insects from sneaking through. The weatherstrip can be easily removed and replaced as needed.

Along with some weatherproofing for outdoor use, this door also features a 4-way lock. This allows you to close off access completely, leave it free-swinging, or allow it only to be opened from either the inside or outside. This provides a lot of variations of access for your feline friend.

This cat door from CEESC is an easy install type, with labeled screws and an adjustable tunnel depth to accommodate any thickness of wall or door. This cat door will work for most average-sized felines, but if your cat is on the larger size, CEESC makes a large and extra-large version as well.

This 4-way locking system may not stand up to a determined cat. So, if your cat doesn’t like being told where they can and can’t be, they may be able to get through this cat door even when it is locked.


  • 4-way lock system
  • Removable weatherstripping for added weatherproofing
  • Comes in 3 sizes to accommodate all types of cats


  • Won’t keep out determined cats
  • Does require a hole to be cut

Best Cat Doors Buying Guide

A white and black cat going outside through a small cat door installed on a brown door.

The most commonly used place for a cat door is an exterior wall or door to allow your kitty some outside time by their choosing. Other uses include allowing their litter box and other feline necessities to be stored out of sight (and smell!) behind a closed door. They do all of this without you needing to open and close the door. So, if your cat likes going on outside adventures or needs easy access to their space without an open door, a cat door is for you. So, what’s important to consider when looking for a cat door? Let’s find out.

What to Look for in a Cat Door

A white and light tan can passing through a small cat door installed on a glass door.

There are many different options for cat doors, and the one you choose will depend on your preferences and needs.

  • Where to Set It Up: Some doors are meant to allow your cat access to the outside. These can be placed on exterior doors, windows, or walls. These are usually more heavy-duty and should have a locking mechanism. Other cat doors are meant for inside use and can be installed on interior doors and walls.
  • Size: Cat doors come in different sizes, so you’ll want to choose one that your cat can easily get through. However, you don’t want something so big it will let unwanted visitors in as well. If you have a dog, consider one that will accommodate both of your pets.
  • Security: For exterior cat doors, make sure you choose one that can be locked. This will help keep other animals out, keep your cat in when you need to, and secure your home at night or when you’re away. Along with that, some doors provide 4-way security. This means they can be locked, opened, or locked to incoming animals or outgoing animals.
  • Installation: Some cat doors require cutting holes in walls or doors, so these might not be the best option if you’re renting. Others install in window screens or sliding doors. Some will require more labor than others, so it’s essential to keep your skill level and situation in mind when selecting the best cat door.
  • Durability: Different cat doors are made with different materials. Some may have a vinyl flap, while others have a screen. Some may snap into place while others require screws. Read reviews and choose a door that will stand up to repeated use from all pets in your home so that you’re not left with an unusable cat door.
  • Other Options: There are automatic cat doors that can open when your cat approaches wearing a special collar, cat doors shaped like a cat including cute ears, cat doors with self-groomers, and cat doors for cold climates. These unique features will allow you to customize your cat door to be aesthetically pleasing as well as fully functional.

How to Install a Cat Door

The installation of a cat door will depend on the type of door you choose and where you want to put it. Let’s look at the different types.

  • For Doors: These cat doors are made to be installed in either inside or outside doors. You will need to cut a hole in the door.
  • For Walls: Cat doors can also be installed in walls, both internal walls to allow more hidden access to a litter box or external walls so that your feline friend can get outside when they want to. Pay attention to the thickness of the wall. While most cat doors meant for walls have a telescoping tunnel to accommodate most wall thicknesses, but some do not.
  • For Windows: This type of cat door may provide access by cutting a hole in your window screen. They come as a side-slide or sash-style that allows your cat access with a door and a solid panel to cover the rest of the window opening.
  • For Sliding Doors: These are similar to window-style cat doors, except they are sized for sliding doors. They include a cat door on a solid panel that fits into the existing sliding door track.

If the cat door you choose requires a hole to be cut out of a door or wall, they will often include a template to help take the guesswork out of it. Be sure to read the instructions first to make sure the cat door you chose works with the type of door or wall in your home. Installation may require some special tools that you may not have on hand, so be sure to check that before you get started.

Final Thoughts

Cat doors are a great way to allow your kitty to explore the outside world or hide their litter box away without you having a full-time job of opening and closing doors. There are many styles of cat doors available to fit whatever situation or space that you may have to provide your cat an exit to the outside safely.

All About Siamese Cats

A small, light brownish and black Siamese kitten with blue eyes standing in a field of flowers and tilting its head to the side.

Quick Facts

Lifespan: 8-15 years

Size (Adult): 6-12 pounds, 15-20 inches

Personality: Affectionate, attention-seeking, friendly

Shedding: Low

Pet Friendly: Generally does well with other cats and dogs

Vocal: Very vocal

Indoor/Outdoor: Can be either, but indoor is recommended

Intelligence: Highly intelligent and trainable


A small light tan and black Siamese kitten wearing a pink and red bowtie around its neck in a field with grass and yellow flowers.

Siamese cats are probably best known for their telltale markings-those little drops of color on their face, legs, and tail. Along with those looks, Siamese cats also bring a personality that is both affectionate and outgoing. They are also intelligent and willing enough to be trained to do tricks, making them a fun and friendly part of your family.


Two light brownish and black Siamese kittens with blue eyes on a orange and purple blanket playing with one another. The top kitten is holding the other kitten by its neck.

The Siamese cat is an old breed with its origins in Siam – the former name of Thailand. Their beauty and loyalty made them ideal candidates to guard the King of Siam. They were said to perch on columns surrounding the king and would attack anyone who threatened him.

Siamese didn’t move westward until the 19th century when they were given as gifts by the King of Siam to English noblemen and later on, in the early 1900s, to friends in America. Their show career began in 1871 in England’s Crystal Palace Cat Show, where their unique markings made them sought-after pets. Their popularity increased rapidly after WWII, making them one of the top registered breeds and common in numerous films.

At first, only seal-pointed Siamese, with the traditional dark brown points, were allowed in the show ring. Later on, with the development of new colorings, including lilac, chocolate, flame, and blue, all colors of Siamese were able to be shown.


A light brownish and black Siamese cat with blue eyes lying down on a brown blanket looking at the camera.

Siamese cats are long and lean kitties. They have long legs, long bodies, long tails, and even long, triangular-shaped faces with a long nose. They are of medium height, coming in at around 15-20 inches tall at the shoulder. Males tend to be taller than females.

Siamese are also of medium weight. Females usually weigh about 8 pounds or less, and males weigh in at 8-12 pounds. Because of their lean stature, overeating and excessive weight gain can show up very quickly, even causing a pot-bellied look after only one large meal!


A light brownish and black Siamese cat with blue eyes looking at something off in the distance.

The unique pattern of the Siamese cat’s coloring is breathtaking on its own. However, what is even more exquisite is the number of shades that their points can come in. All Siamese kittens are born completely white or cream-colored. As they get older, they develop darker “points” at the head, ears, legs, and tail. Those points can come in as many as 32 accepted colors, giving this breed a wide variation in appearance.


A light brownish and black Siamese cat with blue eyes lying on its back looking like it wants to play.

While their looks may be what initially attracts people to Siamese cats, their personality often wins them over. These felines are friendly, affectionate, and don’t like to be left out. They tend to stick by their owner’s sides no matter what the schedule is for the day. Siamese may also be affectionate toward strangers or other animals in or out of your household.

Along with those traits, Siamese are also intelligent. They can be trained to perform tricks, walk on a lead, or even play hide-and-seek. Just because they can be trained doesn’t mean that they will listen. Siamese cats can also be very independent and opinionated, doing what they prefer rather than what you want.

With intelligence also comes athleticism. Siamese are not sedentary cats; they prefer to be active through play and interactive games. They may also cause trouble if left home alone with nothing to do. Investing in puzzle toys or a cat tree may be necessary to keep your Siamese entertained.

Whether your Siamese is performing a trick that you taught them or snuggling under the covers, they will usually be talking. With their constant chatter and need to be around people, it’s no wonder that Siamese cats are very popular pets.

Lifespan and Health

An old black and brownish Siamese cat lying down looking tired.

The lifespan of a Siamese is between 8 and 15 years. They will tend to live longer if kept as indoor cats due to the perils of living outdoors. 

As with any purebred animal, Siamese are more prone to certain diseases. Proper breeding and regular veterinary care can help prevent some of these diseases, including:

  1. Respiratory Issues: With an extra-long and wedge-shaped nose comes a propensity for respiratory disease, including sinus infections, chronic congestion, asthma, and bronchitis.
  2. Dental Issues: All cats, regardless of breed, have the same number of teeth (30). The elongated jaws of a Siamese can create dental troubles due to the placement of the teeth. Regular brushing can help prevent some of these issues.
  3. Amyloidosis: Amyloidosis is a condition in which proteins called amyloids are deposited outside of cells leading to tissue damage and dysfunction. It is genetic in Siamese cats and can be reduced by careful breeding selection.
  4. Eye Issues: The brilliant blue of Siamese eyes isn’t without its troubles. Siamese may be genetically prone to crossed eyes, glaucoma, and progressive retinal atrophy, which results in blindness. Again, pre-breeding screenings may help decrease the incidence of some of these diseases.
  5. Cancer: Every kitty may be subject to cancer, but Siamese tend to be over-represented with certain types of cancer. These include lymphoma, thymoma, and mast cell tumors.


A light brownish and black Siamese cat with blue eyes lying down and staring at something with menacing eyes.

A Siamese cat brings a lot to the table. But they also expect a lot from you in return. Caring for a Siamese cat is going to take an investment of time and energy. Here are things that you’ll need to do to care for your Siamese cat.


Fortunately, you won’t have to spend a lot of time grooming a Siamese. Their short haircoat may be colorful and beautiful, but it doesn’t take a lot of work. Of course, regular brushing will help reduce the amount of shed hair on your carpet, clothes, and couches and will also keep your kitty cleaner. But it isn’t as necessary as with a longer-haired breed.

However, Siamese often see grooming as a form of affection, so regular brushing may be necessary to return the love they give to you. Brushing is also important for skin and hair coat health. It helps to spread the natural skin oils throughout the hair to provide softness and shine.

Regular bathing every couple of weeks can help remove excess dirt, oil, and loose hairs. Be sure not to bathe them too often, or you could end up drying out the skin or causing irritation.


These cats aren’t couch potatoes. They want to get up and move. Be sure to invest in numerous different cat toys to hold their attention, especially when you can’t be at home. You’ll also want some cat furniture on which they can climb and jump. 

Interactive toys, such as wand or chase toys, are great because they will get your cat’s heart rate up and allow you to spend time with them all at once. Puzzle toys that release treats are great to keep a Siamese cat’s mind stimulated and not destructive. Also, you may find your Siamese prefers a walk around the block on a lead.


Since Siamese are lean kitties, overfeeding can be an issue. Stick with a high protein diet that uses high-quality ingredients, like whole meats. You’ll need to find the perfect balance of calories to match their energy levels so that your Siamese can maintain a healthy weight. Your veterinarian can help you choose a food that will do this.

Dental Care

With a propensity towards dental disease, regular brushing and dental cleanings may be necessary to keep their mouths healthy.

Veterinary Care

Regular visits to your veterinarian can help your Siamese lead the longest and happiest life possible. Take your kitty to the vet at least once a year for regular exams and vaccinations. The frequency of visits should increase as your Siamese ages.


Two light brownish and black Siamese cats with blue eyes being held in the lap of a woman.

Such a variation in coloring brings a wide variation in price. Siamese cats can range in price from a couple hundred dollars to $2,500. Rare colors and pedigree can significantly increase the cost.  

You’ll also invest some money into toys and furniture to keep your Siamese entertained. Veterinary care and the cost of food will add to your total care costs.

If you’re looking to purchase a Siamese, be sure to do so from a reputable breeder. These breeders select their animals from lines that are less susceptible to genetic diseases and have performed pre-breeding exams to reduce the risk of illness.

Siamese are popular pets, but many have to be surrendered due to their owner’s inability to keep them anymore or sometimes even because they are so needy and vocal. Also, look for Siamese cats from animal shelters and rescue groups

All About Persian Cats: Facts & Important Information

A cute white and grey Persian cat lying down on a carpet.

Quick Facts

Lifespan: 10-17 years

Size (Adult): 10-15 inches tall, 8-12 pounds

Personality: Quiet, low energy, affectionate but not demanding of attention

Shedding: With soft, silky, flowing locks like those of a Persian, expect plenty of shedding – frequent grooming is required.

Pet Friendly: Persians don’t like a lot of fuss and noise, so they may prefer to be solitary cats in a quiet household with no or older children. Some Persians may take comfort in having one familiar pet companion, but they are typically not happy in a home loaded with other pets and noise.

Vocal: Generally very quiet with a soft meow. Not much of an attention seeker – don’t anticipate too much begging or clinginess. 

Indoor/Outdoor Cat: Indoor is preferable to keep their hair coat as clean and mat-free as possible.

Intelligence: Moderately intelligent


A cute, white kitten sitting on a pink carpet.

Most of us are familiar with a Persian cat’s physical attributes – who can resist that snub nose, silky fur, and slightly grumpy but content look? Couple that with a calm, quiet and affectionate personality, and you have a breed of cats that is quite popular. Cuteness and easygoing nature aside, Persians can be more high maintenance than some of us may prefer. Is a Persian right for you? Let’s take a look.


A white and light tan Persian cat sitting down starting at something.

Persians are an old breed of cats, thought to originate somewhere in the 1600s. They originally came from Mesopotamia, later known as Persia, and now known today as Iran. Due to their luxurious haircoat and unique facial structure, Persians were thought to be smuggled from Persia by early European explorers. They later became very sought-after pets in Victorian England. 

Throughout the years, selective breeding has created a wide variation in the coloring of their fur and further developed their facial features. They are now one of the most popular cat breeds worldwide due to their looks and personality.


A white Persian cat outside standing on grass.

Persians are a medium-sized cat breed, made to look larger by their long hair. They range in weight from 8-12 pounds and can be 10-15 inches high at the shoulder. As with most cat breeds, males tend to be larger than females.

These are not fine-boned cats. They have quite thick legs and a solid body, which probably has something to do with them not being as athletic as other breeds.


A close-up shot of a white Persian cat's face (blue eyes).

Every kitty is different in their personality due to how they were raised. However, there are some common threads that make up a Persian’s temperament.

  • Quiet: Most Persians will prefer not to chat about your day; instead, they will let you know they care through snuggles and lap time.
  • Affectionate: A Persian will appreciate some one-on-one time with you but will tend not to demand it.
  • Sedate: You won’t find most Persian adults scaling your walls or whipping around after a ball. Instead, they prefer to lounge lazily on your lap or draped across your sofa arm.
  • Serene: Loud, busy houses are not for Persians. They prefer quiet without a lot of commotion. Kids and other pets are okay as long as they can keep noise levels down and not expect to play too much.
  • Stand-offish: Rather than greet strangers at the door, Persians prefer to get to know somebody before they trust them enough to allow quiet petting.

Lifespan and Health

A grey Persian cat lying down outside on a patch of grass.

Persian cats have a lifespan between 10 and 17 years and require a fair bit of care to reach those older ages. Like all kitties, kidney diseasehyperthyroidismdental disease, and diabetes are some concerns. However, Persians have some unique health considerations, mainly due to their facial structure.

Those illnesses that pop up more commonly in Persians include:

  • Difficulty Breathing: With a short nose comes smaller nasal airways, which means when a Persian takes a breath, they’re not getting the volume of air that other cats with longer noses get. This can lead to difficulty breathing during exercise, excitement, or with nasal congestion.
    • Along with the shortness of the nose, some Persians may experience brachycephalic airway syndrome that may require surgical treatment. 
    • This may also make them more sensitive to heat since a large part of a cat’s cooling ability comes from evaporation in the nasal airways. Homes with air conditioning are preferred for Persians in warmer climates.
  • Eye Issues: Along with the short nose, Persian may exhibit more than their fair share of eye issues. They may experience excessive tearing from hair in the eyes, inverted eyelashes, or cherry eye. A hereditary form of progressive retinal atrophy is linked to some Persian lines that can lead to blindness as early as four months of age.
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease: This is a condition in which the kidneys develop cysts that eventually lead to kidney failure around middle age. Reputable breeders will only breed PKD negative cats.
  • Skin Conditions: Without proper grooming, Persians may be more likely to have trouble with their skin. Dandruff, bacterial or fungal infections, or seborrhea are all things to look out for, as well as mats, snarls, and tangles.


A brown, white cat with black stripes being groomed with a comb by someone.

Caring for a Persian may require a slightly different approach than other breeds of cats.


Hair this long requires daily grooming. Regular brushing will help remove tangles and snarls to prevent mats and spread the skin’s natural oils for a healthy softness and shine. Brushing will also help remove excess hair to spare your carpets, clothes, and furniture.

Along with daily brushing, your Persian may also need the occasional bath, probably about once a month. Bathing helps to remove excess dirt and debris and can aid in reducing shedding. You’ll want to choose a mild shampoo, and be sure to rinse all soap from the haircoat thoroughly. Be careful not to overdo it with bathing, as frequent shampooing can strip the hair of its natural oils and cause dry skin.

You’ll also want to trim toenails and maybe even the long hair that grows between a Persian’s toes to reduce litter tracking.

Wipe the eyes daily with a soft, damp cloth to help remove debris and reduce tearing. If you have a lighter colored kitty, daily wiping will help reduce that brown tear staining that can occur around the eyes.

Dental Care

With that snub nose comes a smaller mouth. So small that a Persian can have trouble fitting all of their teeth in there. Because of this, Persian teeth can easily be crowded or come in crooked, a major prequel to dental disease.

You can help reduce the incidence of dental disease by brushing your cat’s teeth daily. You may also look into dental treats that help to remove tartar while your cat eats them. Regular veterinary exams are a must to catch dental disease before it becomes too severe.


Since Persians are more sedentary, a low-calorie diet can help prevent excessive weight gain. You’ll still want a diet that is high in protein but low in fat and calories. Bonus points if you pick a diet that is shaped for easy pickup by a Persian-shaped mouth.


While some cats will willingly run laps around your home, Persians are more apt to not. But that doesn’t mean they can’t still exercise. Engage your Persian friend in a light game with a feather wand or laser pointer, or interact with them by tossing their favorite chew toy and having them “retrieve” it. Catnip laced toys are also a great way to get a Persian kitty up and moving.

Veterinary Care

All kitties should see the vet at least once a year, preferably more as they age. Regular veterinary care can help catch and prevent illnesses and help you answer burning questions such as what to feed your cats, which litter is best, and why my cat is doing ___? Vaccinations are part of a Persian’s health care plan and should be kept up to date to avoid certain illnesses.


A fluffy, white Persian cat being held by a woman in her arms.

There is quite a range in the cost of a Persian cat. The variation is mainly based on the quality of the haircoat and lineage of the cat. If you’re looking for a pet-only Persian, you’re in for anywhere from a couple hundred to $1,000. If you want a cat for showing or breeding, that cost escalates to $3,000-5,000.

Not only are there upfront costs for buying a Persian, but there is also the maintenance costs. If you’re not up for some grooming, that’s an expense that you can expect every couple of weeks or once a month. There’s also the cost of veterinary care, food, toys, etc.

If you’re looking to purchase a Persian kitten, do so from a reputable breeder. These are breeders that are recommended by veterinarians and have done some pre-breeding screening of their cats. This will help ensure that you get the healthiest Persian possible.

If sorting through breeders isn’t your style, there’s always a Persian to rescue. Search Petfinder for available Persians or contact your local Persian rescue organization.

Why Is My Cat Throwing Up White Foam?

A white and grey cat with black stripes vomiting outside on the grass covered ground.

A cat vomiting up white foam could be a symptom of any number of various diseases or conditions. There are numerous underlying causes for cats vomiting in general. No matter what the vomit looks like, a vomiting cat should be seen by a veterinarian for an exam and diagnostic tests to determine what is wrong and be given the necessary treatment.

Causes of Vomiting in Cats

A white and grey can with some black stripes trying to cough up a hairball.

1. Hairballs

When cats groom themselves, they will inevitably swallow some of their fur. While some fur might pass into the stool, larger amounts of fur generally don’t digest well and irritate the stomach. Cats will vomit up the fur, usually in a wet clump called a hairball. Some cats will vomit once or even a few times before they produce the hairball. This vomit before the hairball is often a white foam or clear liquid substance. Depending on if the cat has recently eaten or not, it may have bits of food in it as well.

2. Gastritis

Gastritis is irritation and inflammation of the stomach. This typically occurs when a cat has eaten a substance that upsets the stomach. This could be a foreign object, plants, toxic material, or abnormal food. It can sometimes happen from a diet change or too many treats. Vomit from gastritis could have food present if the cat recently ate, or it could consist of bile, foam, or liquid.

3. Indigestion

Indigestion can occur when a cat’s stomach acid builds up and irritates the stomach. This often happens when the cat has skipped a meal or goes too long without eating. The irritation of the stomach can cause vomiting of white or yellow foam, bile, or liquid.

4. Gastrointestinal Obstruction

A gastrointestinal obstruction occurs when a cat eats an abnormal object or material that becomes stuck in the GI tract and can’t be vomited up or passed in the stool. When something is stuck, a cat will try to vomit it up, and the resulting vomit is often foam, liquid, or bile. GI obstructions are emergencies that often require surgery to remove the foreign object.

5. Eating Too Fast

It is not uncommon for a cat to eat too fast, resulting in vomiting or regurgitation. Usually, this vomit contains undigested food with some foam or liquid.

6. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

IBD occurs when there is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. When the inflammation is in the upper GI tract, it often causes vomiting. The cause could be poor digestion, food allergies, parasites, autoimmune disease, cancer, or other GI tract diseases.

7. Pancreatitis

Pancreatitis is the inflammation of the pancreas with various causes but can also happen without a known cause. The pancreas produces hormones and digestive enzymes. When it becomes inflamed, this disrupts hormone and enzyme production, causes toxin build-up, and can involve inflammation in surrounding organs such as the liver, stomach, and intestines. Cats with pancreatitis can have abdominal pain, lethargy, inappetence, vomiting, and diarrhea.

8. Kidney Disease

Kidney disease in cats is common, especially as they age. It is typically a chronic kidney disease, although acute kidney injury can occur from toxins. Kidney disease causes kidney function loss, which causes toxins to build up in the blood because the kidneys can’t filter them out. Toxins in the blood can induce ulcers in the stomach and nausea, both of which might make the cat vomit. This vomit is often liquid, foam, or bile.

9. Metabolic Diseases

Aside from kidney disease, other metabolic diseases such as diabetes or hyperthyroidism can cause vomiting.

10. Parasites

Many gastrointestinal parasites can affect cats. If there is a substantial load of parasites, it can irritate the stomach and intestines and cause vomiting. Sometimes the cat will even vomit up a worm. Some of the most common types of parasite infections in cats are tapeworms, hookworms, roundworms, and whipworms.

Diagnosing Vomiting in Cats

A white cat with black patches lying on a glass table being examined by a male vet (using a stethoscope on the cat).

A vomiting cat should be taken to a veterinarian to find the cause of the vomiting. Your veterinarian will start with obtaining a thorough history and performing a physical examination. Other tests include fecal tests to check for intestinal parasites, bloodwork to screen for metabolic disease and other abnormalities associated with vomiting, and imaging. 

Imaging could include abdominal radiographs (x-rays) or an abdominal ultrasound. Imaging is done to look for foreign objects, signs of GI obstruction, masses, or inflammation in the GI tract. Images can also sometimes detect abnormalities in other organs such as the liver, bladder, or kidneys that could cause vomiting. 

If the source of the vomiting still isn’t found, more advanced diagnostics are performed, such as biopsies, endoscopy, or exploratory abdominal surgery.

Treating Vomiting in Cats

There is no good at-home treatment for vomiting in cats. A veterinarian should treat a vomiting cat because different causes of vomiting require different treatments. Your veterinarian will often provide fluid therapy either subcutaneously or intravenously and anti-nausea medications. Other medications, diet therapies, and supplements may also be needed.

What to Do if Your Cat is Vomiting

A white and grey cat with black stripes lying in the grass, apparently heaving as if wanting to throw up.

While many cat owners think vomiting might be normal, any cat that is vomiting should be seen by a veterinarian. This is especially true if the cat is vomiting more than once per week, vomiting several times in a day, there is blood in the vomit, or if the cat has other symptoms such as lethargy, inappetence, diarrhea, abdominal pain, or any other abnormalities.